Mt Biograd National Park

The Mt. Biograd National Park is located in between the rivers Lim and Tara, in the central section of Mt. Bjelasica, and within the park is one of the three last ancient forests of Europe.

This basin has been a protected area since 1878 when it became the so-called King's Reserve - a gift to the then King Nikola. Even then the idea of the imperative of preserving Mt Biograd was alive. And it really has remained almost untouched - a shining example of the idea of Montenegro as an ecological state.

Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SujdUyAurT4
Published: Sunday 19th of September 2004 Updated: Wednesday 07th of July 2021

The Mt. Biograd National Park is located in between the rivers Lim and Tara, in the central section of Mt. Bjelasica, and within the park is one of the three last ancient forests of Europe.

This basin has been a protected area since 1878 when it became the so-called King's Reserve - a gift to the then King Nikola. Even then the idea of the imperative of preserving Mt Biograd was alive. And it really has remained almost untouched - a shining example of the idea of Montenegro as an ecological state.



The glacial nature of the landscape - the high mountain summits and glaciers form a wonderful contrast to the lakes and meadows. Although these summits are high and reach more than 2000 meters (the highest one being Black Head - 2139 meters above sea level) and some of the types of trees as high as 40-50 meters, the area appears very tame.



In the very heart of the forest, at a height of 1094 meters above sea level is Lake Biograd. The unique blue-green color is caused by the thick woodlands reflected in its water. There are 86 different types of trees; many of them protected species (20% of the endemic species of the Balkan peninsular grow in the Mt. Biograd National Park).



Nature lovers love to walk through the woods of juniper, fir, beech, elm, oak, and lime, and ornithologists and bird lovers can watch eagles and hawks in flight. Of other larger game the commonest are deer, chamois, bears and wolves. As many as 80 species of butterfly can be found here - 40% of the total number of species found in Montenegro.



Mt. Biograd is not just a masterpiece of nature but also a real ethnological treasure chest. On the edges of the forest in the pasture lands and villages, there are many log cabins, water mills, and shepherd's huts - examples of local national architecture as well as archeological sites.



Place names too (such as Sjerogoste, Kraljevo Oko, Ganovaca, etc) witness to the long history of this area, and also of its unchanging nature over the years. It is as though there is no sense of history passing in Mt Biograd but there is the regular cycle of the seasons measured by the indescribable playing and changing of the colors of the woodlands, or the pasture lands which come to life every year only to fall silent again.



On the edge of this national park is the Moraca monastery (13th cent.) with its beautiful and important frescoes from the XIII, XVI, and XVIII centuries and some of the most important icons of the 17th century in the whole of Montenegro.



This is a good place to start a tour of Mt Biograd. Apart from this, trips are organized for larger groups of tourist through the woodland ecosystems to Lake Biograd (Kolasin - Kraljevo Kolo - Lake Biograd) together with trips on the lake in wooden rowing boats, if requested It is also possible to reach one of the summits of Mt Bjelasica by ski lift, and from here there is a spectacular view over the whole National Park (route: Kolasin - River Musovic - Jezerina ski center) For smaller groups of tourists using off-road vehicles tours of the park are organized via Dolovi Lalevica - Bjelasicka Kosa - Zekova Glava - Vranjak - Jezerine - Kolašin.



The highest peaks and lakes (Crna Glava, Zekova glava, Troglava, Lake Pesica, Lake Sisko, and Lake Ursulovac) can be reached by way-marked paths. Camping is allowed in certain designated places.